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Infographic: The Difference Between Synthetic and Mineral Oil Explained

Published on August 16, 2022 by in Blog, CATI

Today, drivers have a choice between the type of oil they use in their vehicles. With advances in technology, synthetic oil has grown in popularity, while conventional mineral oil was standard in the past. If you’re studying to become a mechanic, you likely know that oil plays an important role in the performance of a vehicle. It’s responsible for lubricating the different components of the engine, preventing it from experiencing wear and tear due to friction. Oil also keeps a vehicle’s engine clean by removing any dirt or debris which could lead to clogging. Within vehicles, oil also has a cooling function, keeping the high temperatures that result from friction down by lubricating the internal components. 

After completing your auto mechanic training, understanding the difference between synthetic and mineral oil will enable you to help customers come to the right decision about which option is right for their vehicle. In the infographic below, we look at the main differences between these two oils.

CATI - The Difference Between Synthetic and Mineral Oil Explained-01

The Difference Between Synthetic and Mineral Oil Explained

How They’re Made

Mineral Oil:

  • Crude oil
  • Extracted from the ground
  • Refined for use in vehicles

Synthetic Oil:

  • Manufactured in a lab
  • Created with modified petroleum components
  • Often contains other materials (zinc, phosphorous and more)

Performance

Mineral Oil:

  • Lubricates engine components
  • Contains impurities
  • Can deposit impurities

Synthetic Oil:

  • Refined to remove impurities
  • Compatible with any temperature
  • Contains additives to keep the engine free of wear

Price and Mileage

Mineral Oil:

  • Cheaper than synthetic oil
  • Lasts for approximately 5000 km

Synthetic Oil:

  • More expensive
  • Lasts for approximately 15,000 km

Which is Superior?

Synthetic Oil is considered the superior choice, because:

  • It reduces wear on the engine
  • It keeps the engine cleaner
  • It contains additives to enhance performance

Sources:

Synthetic vs. Mineral Oils – Changing Oil Preference (machinerylubrication.com)

Synthetic oil vs. conventional oil | Mobil™

Synthetic vs. Conventional Oil: What’s the Difference? | RepairSmith Blog

Synthetic Vs. Mineral Engine Oil: Which One Is The Best (themechanicdoctor.com)

Synthetic Vs. Mineral Engine Oil: Which One Is The Best (themechanicdoctor.com)

 
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